What is Dementia?

Dementia is defined as a decline in mental ability. Memory, language and problem-solving skills may be affected. While mental ability decreases slightly in most people with age, in dementia the loss is more pronounced. Common difficulties with dementia include:

  1. Problems with communication e.g. difficulties remembering words
  2. Difficulties coping with day-to-day tasks like dressing, cooking, cleaning, shopping, etc.
  3. Changes in a person’s mood, behaviour or sometimes personality


what is dementia


What causes dementia?

Dementia results from death to brain cells or damage in parts of the brain which are involved in our thought processes. This can for example happen because of reduced blood supply in certain areas of the brain, head injuries, pressure on the brain, brain infection, vitamin deficiency, long-term alcohol excess, etc.